Bedbugs are addressed by the Center for Disease Control.  Link Here:   https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/bedbugs/faqs.html

Bedbugs have become increasingly common as international travel has become more frequent.  Bedbugs have spread faster than any other urban insect pest in recent times.  Bed bugs can infest not only beds but personal items such as clothes, books and electronics.  Bed bugs are small, bloodsucking insects which can be tough to eliminate. Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, flat, parasitic insects that feed solely on the blood of people and animals while they sleep. Bed bugs are reddish-brown in color, wingless, range from 1mm to 7mm (roughly the size of Lincoln’s head on a penny), and can live several months without a blood meal. Bed bugs have been found in every conceivable environment and do not reflect the cleanliness of the living conditions where they are found.

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Generally bed bug infestations occur where people sleep because bed bugs prefer to feed on sleeping people and animals.They hide during the day in places such as seams of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, headboards, dresser tables, inside cracks or crevices, behind wallpaper, or any other clutter or objects around a bed. Bed bugs have been shown to be able to travel over 100 feet in a night but tend to live within 8 feet of where people sleep.

Bed bugs are not known to spread disease but their presence causes itching and loss of sleep. Excessive scratching of bites can increase the chance of a secondary skin infection.  A bed bug bite affects each person differently. Bite responses can range from an absence of any physical signs of the bite, to a small bite mark, to a serious allergic reaction. Bed bug bite marks may take as long as 14 days to develop in some people.

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Signs of Bed Bugs:

  • Bed bugs’ exoskeletons are left behind after molting
  • Bed bugs are found in the fold of mattresses and sheets
  • Bed Bugs leave rusty–colored blood spots due to their blood-filled fecal material that they excrete on the mattress or nearby furniture
  • Bed Bugs leave a sweet musty odor

Bed bugs inject an anesthetic and an anticoagulant that prevents a person from realizing they are being bitten. This is why people miss the fact that they have recently been bitten.  Bed Bug bite marks appear anywhere from one to several days after the initial bite. Bite marks are similar to that of a mosquito or a flea — a slightly swollen and red area that may itch and be irritating.

Bed Bug Infestation in Travel

Bed bugs are experts at hiding. Their slim flat bodies allow them to fit into the smallest of spaces and stay there for long periods of time, even without a blood meal.  Bed bugs are transported with travel. They travel hidden in the seams and folds of luggage, overnight bags, folded clothes, electronic equipment, toiletry cases, furniture, and anywhere else where they can hide. See:  University of Kentucky Bed Bug Publication